KING GEORGE STATION DENTAL
DENTAL IMPLANTS & GENERAL DENTISTRY IN SURREY
DENTAL IMPLANTS & GENERAL DENTISTRY NEAR YOU
At your first visit to our practice, you will receive a comprehensive new patient exam. This is similar to an oral exam, but it includes a few extra steps to fully assess your oral health. New patient exams involve a close-up examination of your teeth and gums, your bite, and your overall health.
Dental implants are an alternative option to other restorative solutions like dentures and dental bridges. Implants replace the natural root of your tooth and support an artificial replacement tooth.
Dental implants are screw-like titanium roots that are inserted into the jawbone. An abutment is attached to the artificial root and is then covered by a crown.
Dental implants require multiple surgical procedures. At your first appointment, your mouth will be numbed and an incision will be made in your gum. Then a hole will be drilled into the area and your dental implant will be placed. Your gum tissue is then stitched back into place, and over the next few months the implant will bond with the gum.
In your second appointment, the implant will be re-exposed and an abutment will be placed. Your dentist will create a mould of the abutment and a crown will be created. This crown will be cemented onto the abutment at your next appointment.
Basic Restorative Dentistry
Restorative dentistry is a collection of treatments designed to repair damaged teeth and replace missing teeth. If left untreated, damaged or missing teeth can have consequences on your health. For example, a missing tooth can cause your existing teeth to shift into the wrong positions, causing a bad bite. Restorative dentistry is also used to improve the aesthetics and functionality of your smile.
During your appointment, we will assess your teeth and gums for various issues. From there, we can determine solutions and offer options for moving forward. We will also be available to answer any questions and provide you with the information you need to make a decision.
There are several restorative solutions that a patient might need. If you have a major cavity, a crown may be needed to cover and support the tooth. An inlay or onlay could also be used to add strength and structure to your teeth. Ultimately, the ideal solution depends on a patient’s wants and needs.
Dental Hygiene Appointments & Cleaning
Regular dental hygiene appointments are key to maintaining healthy, beautiful teeth. Without consistent cleanings, your teeth can develop issues that are painful, detrimental to your health, and costly to fix.
At your hygiene appointment, a dental hygienist will examine and assess your mouth, face, and neck. This is to check for issues such as oral cancer, bone loss, abscesses, and tumours. Then, accumulated plaque and calculus will be removed from your teeth. Your teeth will be polished, and you may also receive a fluoride treatment to protect your teeth from decay and sensitivity.
In between hygiene appointments, be sure to take care of your teeth at home. Floss and brush at least twice a day and take preventative measures to prevent damage, such as using sports mouth guards.
You should visit the dentist for a hygiene appointment every six months. We recommend that children see the dentist for the first time six months after their first tooth erupts, or when they are one year old.
Dental Bonding & Sealants
Are your teeth discoloured or broken? Dental bonding is a cosmetic procedure designed to repair damaged or yellowed teeth. During the procedure, your dentist will apply a tooth-coloured composite resin to the damaged or discoloured area to restore its functionality and appearance. The dental bonding process is simple and non-invasive. It will only take about an hour to complete. First, the proper colour for the composite resin will be chosen. Your tooth will be roughened for easier bonding, and your dentist will apply a liquid bonding agent. Lastly, the dentist applies the composite resin to your tooth, moulds and shapes it, then cures it with a UV light.
Bonding is a cost-effective and simple solution. However, it does not last as long as more complex restorative procedures, such as dentures and veneers. How long your bonding lasts is highly dependent on your oral hygiene: the better you care for your teeth, the longer it will last.
Dental sealants are thin, plastic coatings painted on the teeth to prevent decay in the depressions and grooves of the teeth. Sealant is usually used on the molars and premolars, as brushing and flossing aren’t always effective at removing food particles and plaque from their grooves. Children and young teenagers are the primary candidates for dental sealants, and we recommend that children get sealants as soon as their permanent molars and premolars grow in. However, adults may also receive dental sealant if they want to protect their teeth from decay.
The dental sealant process is quick and simple. The teeth receiving sealant will first be thoroughly cleaned and dried. Then, an acidic gel will be applied. This gel roughens up your teeth’s chewing surfaces so that the sealant will bond to them. The teeth are rinsed and dried, and then your dentist will paint on the sealant and cure it with a curing light.
DENTAL CROWNS & BRIDGES
Dental crowns are prosthetic caps placed on damaged teeth to protect and restore them. They may be used as a solution for a variety of problems, including tooth decay and cracked teeth. Your teeth also naturally wear down over time, so the need for crowns increases as you age. Crowns protect your teeth from any further damage and restore their shape, strength, and appearance. They can be made from a variety of materials, including metal, porcelain, and ceramic, and are securely cemented onto the affected tooth to restore its functionality.
Before you get your crown, your tooth will be filed down on the top and sides so the crown will fit. A mould is then made of your tooth, and you will be given a temporary crown to use until the permanent crown is created. On your second visit to our practice, the permanent crown will be checked to ensure it fits, and then cemented onto your tooth.
If left unchecked, missing teeth can lead to health problems such as a bad bite or TMJ. By filling gaps left by missing teeth, dental bridges ensure your existing teeth do not shift into improper positions. Bridges are made up of one or more artificial teeth and a crown on either side of the teeth to anchor them. These false teeth are typically made of porcelain, ceramics, or composite resin.
To create the bridge, your dentist will file your healthy anchoring teeth to prepare them for crowns. They will then create a mould of your teeth and place a temporary bridge in your mouth. When you come back for a second appointment, the permanent bridge will be adjusted and cemented to your teeth.
Inlays & Onlays
In restoration cases where a filling is not enough to protect from decay, but a crown is too much, your dentist may recommend inlays or onlays. These are custom-made pieces, usually made of porcelain or composite resin, designed to fill tooth gaps. You will receive either an inlay or an onlay depending on your needs. While inlays fill in tooth hollows or cavities, onlays are bigger and can cover the cusps of a tooth if necessary.
Inlays and onlays fix prior tooth decay while preventing any future decay, preserving as much of your natural tooth as possible. They are made from highly durable materials and can last up to 30 years.
The inlay/onlay process requires two visits to our clinic. On your first visit, a mould will be created and sent off to a lab so they can create your inlay or onlay. We will also fit you with a temporary filling. Once the permanent filling has been created, you will return for your second appointment and we’ll alter the filling as necessary before bonding it to your tooth.
Many patients experience anxiety during their appointments, and our practice believes that accommodating this anxiety is crucial. We offer several sedation options for patients who experience dental anxiety.
There are three main types of sedation in dentistry: nitrous oxide (also known as laughing gas), oral sedation, and IV sedation. Nitrous oxide is delivered through a mask, oral sedation is given as an oral medication, and IV sedation is delivered directly to your bloodstream via an IV line.
The types of sedation vary in strength, with nitrous oxide being the weakest and IV sedation being the deepest. Your dentist will decide which form of sedation is necessary depending on how much anxiety you are experiencing.
If you are given nitrous oxide, pure oxygen will be used to flush it out of your system and you’ll be able to drive yourself home. Oral and IV sedation can affect your cognitive and motor skills, so if you receive either, you will need a family member or friend to drive you home after your appointment.
Teeth Extractions & Wisdom Tooth Extractions
Extractions are sometimes necessary when other treatments are ineffective in treating damaged teeth. If damage (such as trauma, tooth decay, or periodontal disease) is too extensive, removing the teeth is often the best way to prevent further health issues.
Extractions may also be needed for patients with wisdom teeth. This may be done as a preventative procedure, or it may be performed because the teeth are infected or impacted.
For a simple tooth extraction, local anesthetic will be applied to prepare you for the extraction process. A special tool called an elevator will then be used to loosen and remove your tooth. Following the procedure, you’ll receive gauze to bite down on until a blood clot forms.
If you’re getting a surgical tooth extraction such as wisdom tooth extraction, you will be given IV sedation or general anesthesia in addition to local anesthesia. Your dentist will then make a small incision in your gum and remove the tooth.
Root Canal Therapy
Root canal therapy is often vital when an infection reaches the pulp of a tooth. This pulp contains nerves, connective tissues, and blood vessels which help keep a tooth alive. If an infection is left untreated, the pulp can die, resulting in the loss of your tooth. Root canal therapy is performed on infected teeth to remove the damaged pulp and restore your tooth.
If your tooth dies due to an infection, it will require extraction. However, infected teeth are often extremely painful and sensitive, meaning that it’s unlikely an infection will go unnoticed. There may also be swelling and abscesses around the affected tooth.
During your appointment, you will be given local anesthetic. The infected pulp will be removed, an antibiotic will be applied, and the abscess will be refilled with a rubber-like material called gutta-percha. A temporary filling will also be used to restore the outside of your tooth and protect the canal from damage.
Composite fillings are used after the removal of tooth decay to fill in the area left behind. These fillings are a mixture of plastic and ceramic. Unlike amalgam or gold fillings, they are tooth-coloured, reducing the cosmetic impact on your smile–and for this reason, they are now the most common type of filling.
While composite fillings are most commonly used to fill cavities, they can also be used to fix cracked or broken teeth. Composite fillings last an average of 5-7 years, and potentially longer if you maintain good oral hygiene.
The process of getting a composite filling is simple: first, your dentist will give you local anesthesia. They will then drill into your enamel and remove the decayed part of the tooth. The area will be cleaned and the composite filling will be placed in the abscess in individually cured layers. Lastly, the dentist will shape, contour, and polish the filling.
Night Guards & MOuth Guards
Night guards and mouth guards are simple appliances designed to protect your teeth from damage. Whether you’re grinding and clenching your teeth or playing a sport where your teeth could be injured, mouth guards are necessary for keeping your teeth safe and healthy.
Night guards are recommended for patients who grind their teeth at night. Consistently grinding your teeth without treatment can lead to headaches, jaw problems, tooth damage, and more. We will create a custom-made night guard with a mould of your teeth, and you will sleep with the guard in.
Mouth guards are recommended for anyone who plays high-contact physical sports, such as football or hockey. These custom-made guards will protect your teeth from impact injuries and are especially crucial if you have other dental appliances like braces.
While you can purchase night guards and mouth guards from the store, this is not recommended. Guards that aren’t fitted to your teeth can do more harm than good.